Burns can occur under a variety of different circumstances. Whether you are out in the sun too long, make a mistake while cooking or eating, or are working with machinery that can get hot, you need to know how to properly treat a burn. The first step is to know what type of burn you are dealing with. There are 3 basic kinds:
- First-degree burns damage only the outer layer of skin
- Second-degree burns damage the outer layer and the layer underneath
- Third-degree burns damage or destroy the deepest layer of skin and tissues underneath
Burns can cause swelling, blistering, scarring and, in serious cases, shock and even death. They also can lead to infections because they damage your skin’s protective barrier. Treatment for burns depends on the cause of the burn, how deep it is, and how much of the body it covers. Antibiotic creams can prevent or treat infections. For more serious burns, treatment may be needed to clean the wound, replace the skin, and make sure the patient has enough fluids and nutrition.
Treating a first degree burn can be done quite simply by soaking the area in cold water for a few minutes, taking any necessary painkillers, applying some burn gel or aloe cream and then applying an antibiotic.
Second degree burns are trickier. You’ll want to do the above, but soaking the area for 15 to 30 minutes to cool the area and prevent the burn from spreading. Then, you’ll want to take care to not break any blisters that form and if some do break, dressing the area with a non-stick bandage and keeping it loosely wrapped. Change bandages regularly, taking care to not break the skin.
Third degree burns should be treated by a doctor.
With that information, you can help to bring ease and healing to a burn victim. You’ll of course need to ensure that you have all the necessary materials and tools to hand (you can find them at this link)