Medical emergencies can come up at any time. It doesn’t matter whether you are at home, work, out around town, or wherever. And when one hits, it is vital to be prepared, as depending on the situation, there may be only a few minutes in which action needs to be taken to save a life.
This is why preparedness cannot be overstressed. This isn’t just something that doctors need to be worried about, but everyone. You never know when you may be called upon to assist in a crisis, so knowing what to do, and having the right equipment are a must.
So what kinds of things need to be known? Well, general first aid is a good start. Knowing the basics about setting broken bones, closing wounds, stopping bleeding, dealing with trauma, choking, etc. can all be handy. First aid classes are pretty much available in any city, and sometimes you can even find them given for free (or at least low cost). This training covers the basics of emergency medicine and is something that everyone should know.
Next there is having the right equipment. A first aid kit is what is needed. Most people have at least SOME medical supplies at home, but even then, if the accident doesn’t happen there, then what? One should have a medical bag with some supplies at home, in the car, and at work. This way they are never too far from the things they need. More advanced equipment could also be obtained given enough wherewithal (like an Automated External Defibrillator).
With first aid training and emergency medical equipment, what else is needed? Well, a reference guide to any particular things you may face. For example, if you live in a tropical area, you should have a guide to poisonous snakes and spiders that may inhabit the area. If you are skiing in the mountains, a guide for treating common types of skiing trauma would be good. Basically, the first aid training covers the basics, but having a guide for more specific things is needed too.